Master Indian Politics: 100 GK Questions & Answers Unveiled!

Indian politics is a vibrant tapestry woven with historical events, cultural influences, and ideological movements. From ancient civilizations to modern democratic governance, India’s political journey is marked by resilience and transformation. In this section, we’ll provide an overview before delving into the intricacies of Indian politics.

India, the world’s largest democracy, gained independence from British colonial rule in 1947, marking the beginning of a new era in its political landscape. Since then, the country has witnessed significant milestones, including the drafting of its Constitution, which enshrines fundamental rights and duties of citizens and lays down the framework for governance.

History of Indian Politics

To understand contemporary Indian politics, one must grasp its historical underpinnings. Indian political history spans thousands of years, encompassing empires, kingdoms, and colonial rule. Ancient India saw the rise and fall of mighty dynasties such as the Mauryas, Guptas, and Mughals, each leaving a lasting impact on governance and society.

Political System and Structure

The political system of India operates within the framework of a federal parliamentary democratic republic. At its core lies the Constitution, which defines the powers and responsibilities of the three branches of government: the Legislature, the Executive, and the Judiciary.

Key Political Figures

Throughout its history, India has been shaped by visionary leaders and influential figures who have left an indelible mark on the nation’s political landscape. From freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru to modern-day statesmen like Narendra Modi and Sonia Gandhi, these personalities have played pivotal roles in shaping India’s destiny.

Major Political Parties

India boasts a multi-party system, with a myriad of political parties representing diverse ideologies, interests, and regions. Some of the major political parties include the Indian National Congress (INC), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Communist Party of India (CPI), and regional parties like the All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) and the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK).

Elections and Electoral Process

Elections in India are a massive undertaking, involving millions of voters, thousands of candidates, and extensive logistical arrangements. The electoral process is governed by the Election Commission of India, which ensures free and fair elections at various levels, including the Lok Sabha (Lower House of Parliament), Vidhan Sabha (State Legislative Assemblies), and local bodies.

Government Policies and Reforms

Over the years, successive governments in India have implemented various policies and reforms aimed at addressing socio-economic challenges, promoting development, and enhancing governance. From economic liberalization in the 1990s to recent initiatives such as Digital India and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, these efforts reflect the evolving priorities of Indian policymakers.

Current Affairs

Staying updated with current affairs is essential for anyone interested in Indian politics. From major policy decisions to geopolitical developments, staying informed helps individuals understand the broader context and implications of political events.


100 Indian Politics GK Questions & Answers

100 Indian Politics GK Questions & Answers

1. Who is known as the “Father of the Indian Constitution”?

Answer: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

2. What is the maximum number of members that can be nominated to the Rajya Sabha by the President of India?

Answer: 12

3. Who was the first Prime Minister of India?

Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru

4. Who was the first woman Prime Minister of India?

Answer: Indira Gandhi

5. What is the minimum voting age in India?

Answer: 18 years

6. How many Lok Sabha constituencies are there in India?

Answer: 543

7. Who is the current President of India?

Answer: Ram Nath Kovind

8. Who was the first President of India?

Answer: Dr. Rajendra Prasad

9. How many languages are recognized in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution?

Answer: 22

10. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats in the Lok Sabha?

Answer: Uttar Pradesh

11. Who is the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?

Answer: Vice President of India

12. Who is the Chief Election Commissioner of India?

Answer: Sushil Chandra (As of January 2022)

13. Who was the first woman Chief Minister of an Indian state?

Answer: Sucheta Kriplani

14. What is the minimum age for becoming a member of the Lok Sabha?

Answer: 25 years

15. Who was the first Vice President of India?

Answer: Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

16. What is the term length of a Member of the Rajya Sabha?

Answer: 6 years

17. Who was the first Chief Minister of independent India?

Answer: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

18. Which Indian state has the maximum number of seats in the Rajya Sabha?

Answer: Uttar Pradesh

19. Who is the current Chief Justice of India?

Answer: Justice N.V. Ramana (As of January 2022)

20. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the right to freedom of speech and expression?

Answer: Article 19

21. What is the official residence of the Prime Minister of India?

Answer: 7, Lok Kalyan Marg (formerly known as 7, Race Course Road)

22. Who is known as the “Iron Lady of India”?

Answer: Indira Gandhi

23. Which is the highest civilian award in India?

Answer: Bharat Ratna

24. Who is the current Chief Minister of Delhi?

Answer: Arvind Kejriwal

25. Who appoints the Chief Justice of India?

Answer: President of India

26. What is the maximum strength of the Rajya Sabha?

Answer: 250

27. Who was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India?

Answer: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

28. Who is known as the “Missile Man of India”?

Answer: Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

29. What is the minimum age for becoming the Prime Minister of India?

Answer: There is no specific minimum age mentioned in the Constitution.

30. Who is the founder of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)?

Answer: Arvind Kejriwal

31. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) in the Lok Sabha?

Answer: Madhya Pradesh

32. Who was the first female Speaker of the Lok Sabha?

Answer: Meira Kumar

33. What is the maximum number of members that can be appointed to the Rajya Sabha by the President of India?

Answer: 12

34. Who was the first Governor-General of independent India?

Answer: Lord Louis Mountbatten

35. Which is the oldest political party in India?

Answer: Indian National Congress

36. What is the term length of a Chief Justice of India?

Answer: Till the age of 65 years

37. Who was the first Chief Justice of India?

Answer: Harilal Jekisundas Kania

38. Who is known as the “Architect of Modern India”?

Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru

39. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats in the Lok Sabha?

Answer: Uttar Pradesh

40. What is the maximum number of members in the Legislative Assembly of a state in India?

Answer: As per the population of the state, but not exceeding 500

41. Who is the current Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?

Answer: Harivansh Narayan Singh

42. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the right to equality before the law?

Answer: Article 14

43. Who was the first Chief Minister of West Bengal?

Answer: Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy

44. Who is known as the “Lokmanya”?

Answer: Bal Gangadhar Tilak

45. What is the tenure of a Chief Minister in India?

Answer: 5 years, unless dissolved earlier

46. Who was the first Indian woman to become the President of the United Nations General Assembly?

Answer: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

47. Who was the first woman to hold the post of Prime Minister of India twice?

Answer: Indira Gandhi

48. What is the minimum age for becoming the President of India?

Answer: 35 years

49. Who is known as the “Grand Old Man of India”?

Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji

50. What is the term length of the President of India?

Answer: 5 years

Sure, here are more GK questions and answers about Indian politics:

Must Read: 100 Easy General Knowledge Questions and Answers in English (2024)

51. Who was the first Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu?

Answer: C. Rajagopalachari

52. What is the term length of a member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) in India?

Answer: 5 years

53. Who is the current Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh?

Answer: Yogi Adityanath

54. Which Indian state was the first to implement the Panchayati Raj system?

Answer: Rajasthan

55. Who is known as the “People’s President” of India?

Answer: Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

56. What is the term length of the Vice President of India?

Answer: 5 years

57. Who was the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra?

Answer: Yashwantrao Chavan

58. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the right to education?

Answer: Article 21A

59. Who is the current Chief Minister of West Bengal?

Answer: Mamata Banerjee

60. What is the minimum age for becoming a member of the Legislative Council (MLC) in India?

Answer: 30 years

61. Who was the first Chief Minister of Punjab?

Answer: Gopi Chand Bhargava

62. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) in the Lok Sabha?

Answer: Uttar Pradesh

63. Who was the first Chief Minister of Gujarat?

Answer: Jivraj Narayan Mehta

64. What is the tenure of a Rajya Sabha member?

Answer: 6 years

65. Who is known as the “Nightingale of India”?

Answer: Sarojini Naidu

66. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment and removal of the Governor?

Answer: Article 156

67. Who was the first Chief Minister of Karnataka?

Answer: K. Chengalaraya Reddy

68. What is the minimum age for becoming the Vice President of India?

Answer: 35 years

69. Who was the first Chief Minister of Kerala?

Answer: E. M. S. Namboodiripad

70. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats in the Rajya Sabha?

Answer: Uttar Pradesh

71. Who is known as the “Bismarck of India”?

Answer: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

72. What is the minimum number of members required to form an official political party in India?

Answer: 100 members

73. Who was the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh?

Answer: Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu

74. Which Indian state has the highest percentage of women in its Legislative Assembly?

Answer: West Bengal

75. Who was the first Chief Minister of Bihar?

Answer: Krishna Sinha

76. What is the term length of a Governor of an Indian state?

Answer: 5 years

77. Who was the first Chief Minister of Assam?

Answer: Gopinath Bordoloi

78. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the establishment of the Supreme Court?

Answer: Article 124

79. Who was the first Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh?

Answer: Ravishankar Shukla

80. What is the minimum age for becoming a member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) in India?

Answer: 25 years

Of course, here are more GK questions and answers about Indian politics:

81. Who is known as the “Lion of Punjab”?

Answer: Lala Lajpat Rai

82. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats reserved for women in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer: Bihar

83. Who was the first Chief Minister of Odisha (formerly known as Orissa)?

Answer: Harekrushna Mahatab

84. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment and powers of the Prime Minister?

Answer: Article 75

85. Who was the first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh?

Answer: Govind Ballabh Pant

86. What is the term length of a Lok Sabha member?

Answer: 5 years

87. Who is known as the “Grand Old Man of Indian Nationalism”?

Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji

88. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer: Jharkhand

89. Who was the first Chief Minister of Haryana?

Answer: Bhagwat Dayal Sharma

90. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the composition of the Lok Sabha?

Answer: Article 81

91. Who is known as the “Bard of Brahmaputra”?

Answer: Bhupen Hazarika

92. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats reserved for Other Backward Classes (OBC) in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer: Uttar Pradesh

93. Who was the first Chief Minister of Rajasthan?

Answer: Heera Lal Shastri

94. What is the term length of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha?

Answer: Till the dissolution of the Lok Sabha or resignation

95. Who is known as the “Frontier Gandhi”?

Answer: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

96. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats reserved for the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer: West Bengal

97. Who was the first Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (formerly known as Madras State)?

Answer: P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja

98. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the establishment and organization of the Council of Ministers?

Answer: Article 74

99. Who is known as the “Sardar”?

Answer: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

100. Which Indian state has the highest number of seats reserved for economically weaker sections (EWS) in the Legislative Assembly?

 Answer: Uttar Pradesh


Conclusion

In conclusion, mastering Indian politics requires a multifaceted understanding of its history, structure, key figures, and contemporary developments. By exploring the topics covered in this guide and engaging with GK questions, readers can deepen their knowledge and appreciation of Indian political dynamics.

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FAQs

How can I stay updated with Indian politics?

Staying updated with Indian politics involves following reputable news sources, participating in discussions, and actively engaging with current affairs platforms.

Are the GK questions in this guide comprehensive?

While the GK questions provided offer a broad overview of Indian politics, they are not exhaustive. Readers are encouraged to explore additional resources and delve deeper into specific topics of interest.

Can I contribute to this guide?

Yes, we welcome contributions and feedback from our readers. If you have additional questions, insights, or suggestions for improvement, feel free to reach out to us.

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