100 GK Questions & Answers on the Enigmatic Medieval India

In medieval India, a rich tapestry of cultures, religions, and rulers flourished, shaping the course of history in the Indian subcontinent. From the rise of powerful dynasties like the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire to the spread of diverse philosophical and artistic movements, this period was marked by remarkable achievements and enduring legacies.

The architecture of iconic monuments like the Taj Mahal and Qutub Minar stands as a testament to the grandeur and sophistication of medieval Indian civilization. Moreover, the era witnessed the emergence of influential figures such as Akbar the Great and Shivaji Maharaj, whose contributions continue to inspire and intrigue.

Despite the challenges and conflicts of the time, medieval India was a period of innovation, cultural exchange, and profound societal transformation, leaving an indelible imprint on the history of the region.

Here are 100 GK Questions and Answers on the Enigmatic Medieval India:

Medieval India

1. Who was the founder of the Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Qutb-ud-din Aibak.

2. Which medieval Indian ruler is known for his policy of “Sulh-i-Kul” or universal peace?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

3. Who was the first woman ruler of Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Razia Sultana.

4. The Vijayanagara Empire was founded by which brothers?

Answer: Harihara I and Bukka Raya I.

5. Which medieval Indian ruler built the famous Red Fort in Delhi?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

6. The Battle of Panipat in 1526 led to the establishment of which dynasty in India?

Answer: Mughal Dynasty.

7. Who was the famous saint-poet who composed the Ramcharitmanas during the medieval period?

Answer: Tulsidas.

8. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Lion of Punjab”?

Answer: Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

9. Who was the Mughal emperor known for his architectural marvel, the Taj Mahal?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

10. Which medieval Indian ruler introduced the “Iqta” system?

Answer: Iltutmish.

11. Which Sufi saint was popularly known as “Baba Farid”?

Answer: Sheikh Fariduddin Ganjshakar.

12. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who built the Qutub Minar?

Answer: Qutb-ud-din Aibak.

13. Who was the famous Maratha ruler who founded the Maratha Empire?

Answer: Shivaji Maharaj.

14. Who was the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty?

Answer: Nasiruddin Mahmud.

15. Which medieval Indian ruler is known as the “Father of Indian Navy”?

Answer: Marthanda Varma.

16. Who was the famous saint who played a key role in the Bhakti movement and was a disciple of Ramananda?

Answer: Kabir.

17. Which Mughal emperor shifted the capital from Agra to Delhi?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

18. Who was the founder of the Bahmani Sultanate in Deccan India?

Answer: Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah.

19. Which medieval Indian ruler issued the famous “Din-i Ilahi” or Divine Faith?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

20. Who was the famous Mughal emperor who was known as “Jahangir”?

Answer: Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim.

21. The Chola Empire reached its zenith under which ruler?

Answer: Rajaraja Chola I.

22. Who was the famous medieval Indian saint and poet who composed the “Adi Granth”?

Answer: Guru Nanak Dev.

23. Which medieval Indian ruler is known for the construction of the Jama Masjid in Delhi?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

24. Who was the Mughal emperor during whose reign the Kohinoor diamond was acquired?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

25. Which medieval Indian ruler established the Maratha Confederacy?

Answer: Shivaji Maharaj.

26. Who was the famous Mughal emperor who was known for his liberal policies towards religious tolerance?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

27. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “Sher Shah”?

Answer: Sher Shah Suri.

28. Who was the founder of the Khilji dynasty in Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Jalaluddin Khilji.

29. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Architect of the Indian Navy”?

Answer: Shivaji Maharaj.

30. Who was the famous Mughal emperor who was known for his administrative reforms, including the “Zabt” system?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

31. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Lion of Mewar”?

Answer: Maharana Pratap.

32. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who introduced the “Mansabdari” system?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

33. Which Mughal emperor was known for his efforts to promote Persian art and culture in India?

Answer: Jahangir.

34. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who defeated Muhammad Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain?

Answer: Prithviraj Chauhan.

35. Who was the founder of the Lodhi dynasty in Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Bahlul Khan Lodi.

36. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Napoleon of India”?

Answer: Samudragupta.

37. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who built the Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur?

Answer: Mohammed Adil Shah.

38. Which Mughal emperor was known for his military campaigns in the Deccan region?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

39. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who established the Mughal Empire in India?

Answer: Babur.

40. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Great Mughal”?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

41. Who was the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty in Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq.

42. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Grandfather of Indian Navy”?

Answer: Marthanda Varma.

43. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who built the city of Fatehpur Sikri?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

44. Which Mughal emperor was known for his patronage of arts and literature, including the famous “Akbarnama”?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

45. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the Battle of Panipat?

Answer: Babur.

46. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Sword of Islam”?

Answer: Mahmud of Ghazni.

47. Who was the founder of the Slave dynasty in Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Qutb-ud-din Aibak.

48. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Lion of Kashmir”?

Answer: Zain-ul-Abidin.

49. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who introduced the “Din-i Ilahi” or Divine Faith?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

50. Which Mughal emperor was known for his patronage of the arts, particularly miniature paintings?

Answer: Jahangir.

51. Who was the founder of the Vijayanagara Empire?

Answer: Harihara I.

52. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Lighthouse of the Marathas”?

Answer: Balaji Vishwanath.

53. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who established the Maratha Empire in India?

Answer: Shivaji Maharaj.

54. Which Mughal emperor was known for his efforts to promote the Persian language and culture in India?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

55. Who was the founder of the Maratha Confederacy?

Answer: Shivaji Maharaj.

Sure, continuing from where we left off:

56. Which medieval Indian ruler was known as “The Savior of Hindus” for his efforts to protect Hinduism during his reign?

Answer: Hemu.

57. Who was the founder of the Mughal dynasty in India?

Answer: Babur.

58. Which medieval Indian ruler is known for his love for music and poetry, leading to the development of the Mughal court culture?

Answer: Jahangir.

59. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who established the Bahmani Sultanate in Deccan India?

Answer: Alauddin Bahman Shah.

60. Which Mughal emperor was known for his military campaigns to expand the empire to its greatest territorial extent?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

61. Who was the first Sultan of Delhi to introduce silver coinage?

Answer: Iltutmish.

62. Which medieval Indian ruler is known for his construction of the Bibi Ka Maqbara, often called the “Taj of the Deccan”?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

63. Who was the founder of the Bahmani Sultanate, the first independent Islamic kingdom in the Deccan?

Answer: Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah.

64. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his religious tolerance and the removal of the jizya tax on non-Muslims?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

65. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who introduced the concept of “Sarvodaya” or welfare for all?

Answer: Chandragupta Maurya.

66. Which Mughal emperor was known for his construction of the Shalimar Bagh in Srinagar?

Answer: Jahangir.

67. Who was the founder of the Sayyid dynasty in Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Khizr Khan.

68. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his military campaigns in the South, resulting in the annexation of the Deccan?

Answer: Malik Kafur.

69. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who founded the Tughlaq dynasty?

Answer: Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq.

70. Which Mughal emperor was known for his construction of the Moti Masjid in Delhi?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

71. Who was the founder of the Qutb Shahi dynasty in Golconda?

Answer: Sultan Quli Qutb Shah.

72. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his construction of the Adil Shahi dynasty?

Answer: Yusuf Adil Shah.

73. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who defeated the Rajputs in the Battle of Haldighati?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

74. Which Mughal emperor was known for his architectural masterpiece, the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

75. Who was the founder of the Chola dynasty in South India?

Answer: Vijayalaya Chola.

76. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his construction of the Agra Fort?

Answer: Akbar the Great.

77. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who introduced the system of “Jaziya” tax on non-Muslims?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

78. Which Mughal emperor was known for his military campaigns in the North-West Frontier region?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

79. Who was the founder of the Rashtrakuta dynasty in South India?

Answer: Dantidurga.

80. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his construction of the famous Rani ki Vav stepwell in Gujarat?

Answer: Bhima I.

81. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who was known as “The King of Kings”?

Answer: Ashoka the Great.

82. Which Mughal emperor was known for his construction of the Lal Qila or Red Fort in Delhi?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

83. Who was the founder of the Mughal Empire in India?

Answer: Babur.

84. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his military campaigns in the Deccan region and the conquest of Golconda?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

85. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who established the Tughlaq dynasty?

Answer: Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq.

86. Which Mughal emperor was known for his construction of the Jama Masjid in Delhi?

Answer: Shah Jahan.

87. Who was the founder of the Maratha Empire in India?

Answer: Shivaji Maharaj.

88. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his construction of the famous Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur?

Answer: Rajaraja Chola I.

89. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who established the Maratha Confederacy?

Answer: Shivaji Maharaj.

90. Which Mughal emperor was known for his construction of the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

91. Who was the founder of the Hoysala Empire in South India?

Answer: Nripa Kama.

92. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his construction of the famous Qutub Minar in Delhi?

Answer: Qutb-ud-din Aibak.

93. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who established the Bahmani Sultanate in Deccan India?

Answer: Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah.

94. Which Mughal emperor was known for his construction of the Shalimar Bagh in Srinagar?

Answer: Jahangir.

95. Who was the founder of the Khilji dynasty in Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Jalaluddin Khilji.

96. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his construction of the Bibi Ka Maqbara, often called the “Taj of the Deccan”?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

97. Who was the famous medieval Indian ruler who introduced the concept of “Sarvodaya” or welfare for all?

Answer: Chandragupta Maurya.

98. Which Mughal emperor was known for his construction of the Moti Masjid in Delhi?

Answer: Aurangzeb.

99. Who was the founder of the Sayyid dynasty in Delhi Sultanate?

Answer: Khizr Khan.

100. Which medieval Indian ruler was known for his construction of the Adil Shahi dynasty?

Answer: Yusuf Adil Shah.


Conclusion

In conclusion, the enigmatic medieval India stands as a fascinating chapter in the annals of history, characterized by its dynamic rulers, diverse cultures, and enduring legacies. Through its architectural marvels, artistic achievements, and philosophical movements, medieval India continues to captivate the imagination and enrich our understanding of the past. As we reflect on this era, we are reminded of the resilience, creativity, and complexity of human civilization, underscoring the enduring relevance of medieval Indian history in shaping the world we inhabit today.

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